Fentanyl is a synthetic opioid that is powerful and deadly. The prescription drug is incredibly potent and can lead to addiction. For many people, drugs like fentanyl are used to treat pain after injuries and surgeries. For those with addiction, tolerance to the drug can grow and result in serious consequences.
Unfortunately, opioids are among the most commonly used drugs in the United States, and they result in a significant number of deaths. Fentanyl is often involved in deaths. This is what you need to know about these dangerous opioids.
What Is the Impact of Fentanyl on the Body & Brain?
The effects of fentanyl influence the brain and the body. Like other opioids, fentanyl can lead to extreme happiness in addition to sleepiness. It can also lead to sedation, confusion, nausea, and unconsciousness. In some cases, fentanyl impacts the ability to breathe and even the bowels.
In cases of overdose, fentanyl deprives the body of oxygen. This leads to hypoxia, a coma and permanent damage to the brain. It can even lead to death.
What Are the Effects of Fentanyl Withdrawal?
Withdrawal from fentanyl and other substances can lead to muscle pain, sleep issues, cold flashes, diarrhea, nausea, and severe cravings for the drug. You may want to undergo withdrawal in a facility that can make the effects much more comfortable.
How Is Addiction to Fentanyl Treated?
Treatment for addiction to fentanyl is complex and may involve both behavioral therapy and medication. For most people, treatment will involve several parts based on the personalized needs of each patient. No two patients are exactly alike.
As far as medications go, buprenorphine and methadone are both beneficial. These drugs reduce drug cravings and make withdrawal much more manageable. Some doctors will also use a substance that ensures that fentanyl cannot impact the body. It is blocked from binding to the receptors.
Then, there are counseling options. Behavioral therapy may involve cognitive behavioral therapy, or CBT. This treatment option helps patients modify their behaviors and manage stress and other potential triggers. Motivational interviewing is another technique, which involves patient-centered counseling to address a variety of feelings.
What Should You Do Next?
It is important that you treat fentanyl addiction quickly. If you suspect that you or somebody you love needs help with substance abuse addiction, consult with an addiction professional immediately. A professional can help you get through the coming stages quickly and safely.